Tooth decay is are two words that get thrown a lot in the world of dentists and your teeth, but actually understanding how tooth decay works is one of the keys to actually preventing it. It wouldn’t be possible to fix a car without knowing how it works first, and the same is true for preventing tooth decay. Read on to find out more about how tooth decay occurs and how to prevent it.

images (4)

The outer layer: enamel

Enamel is another term that people like to use when they describe our teeth and this truly is an amazing substance that we need to protect. Enamel is the outer layer of our teeth that acts as a protective coating and also gives our teeth the colour and shine. It protects the softer and more sensitive material that is underneath and this is known as dentin. Plaque causes enamel to wear away and allows holes to develop in the teeth, these are what we know as cavities and can lead to greater problems if not treated promptly.

Risks to tooth enamel

Plaque is one of the biggest causes to tooth enamel and therefore to cavities in your teeth, it is a sticky substance that forms on the teeth and is made up of saliva, bacteria and the remnants of food. It is well known that plaque is caused

Acids: the other risk

Acidic foods and drinks are something that also pose a risk to the enamel and general structure of our teeth, these can wear down the teeth and make them much more prone to the effects of plaque. It is important to understand what you are eating and drinking and the impact it will have on your teeth, so next time you go to the supermarket, why not look at the amount of sugar in the products you are buying. One good example of a drink that is good for you is fruit juice, which in moderation can be beneficial, but the reality is that drinking large quantities of it is not advisable. Fruit juice contains a large amount of sugar and can also be quite acidic, so it is best to drink only a small amount.

A good structure

The best ways to control tooth decay are therefore obvious, having a good structure in terms of dental hygiene (brushing, flossing and using mouthwash) and also your diet are the two crucial things you can do to prevent tooth decay.

Prevention is the best cure
In the case of your teeth there are certain things that we cannot control, for example the shape of our teeth may make it difficult or even impossible to brush properly and this may cause cavities. Obviously this is something that cannot be controlled but having good dental habits is, it is important to do at least the basics such as brushing twice a day, flossing twice a week and

Another great way to prevent tooth decay is to maintain a healthy and well balanced diet, whilst avoiding excessive amounts of sugar and acidic foods that can damage your tooth enamel and cause decay. Drinking an adequate amount of water is also important.

About the Dentist

Pure Periodontics London is one of the capital’s most respected practices, known for their excellent use of modern methods and exceptional quality of patient care.

Pure Periodontics
26 Widegate Street,
City of London
E1 7HP

t: +44 (0) 207 247 7400
e: [email protected]




Everything that you need to know about tooth decay